Below are some of the most commonly observed characteristics of autism/ASD.
Of course, no one will display all of these behaviours. There is no set percentage of symptoms required in order to diagnose someone with autism. This list, therefore is merely a guideline.
Love of routines/schedules
Needing to stick to rigid rituals
Sensory sensitivity to certain textures, smells, movemts, sounds, tastes, visual patterns or lights - they might display intense interest or aversion.
Obsessions with certain topics
Unusual attachment to objects
Repetitive behaviours (such as hand flapping, body rocking, or finger flicking)
Gets stuck doing the same thing over and over
Lacking in social skills
Displaying inappropriate social behaviours and not following unwritten social rules
Seems to prefer to be alone
Not paying attention to others
Difficulty in making and keeping friendships
Difficulty understanding what you say
Difficulty in knowing when to start or end a conversation
Difficulty with eye contact
Difficulty with nonverbal body language such as gestures and facial expression
Lacking in facial expressions or gestures
Difficulty using the correct pronouns such as “I” and “you”
Difficulty telling you what they want or need
Difficulty making conversation
Tendency to take things literally
Difficulty understanding jokes, metaphor, sarcasm
Being awkward and ill at ease in a social situation
Unusual or challenging behaviours in response to their confusion and stress
Other learning difficulties
Outstanding skills in certain areas
For a fuller list of possible characteristics, click here.
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